Insulin Resistance & Prediabetes

Insulin resistance and prediabetes occur when your body doesn’t use insulin well. What is insulin? Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that helps glucose in your blood enter cells in your muscle, fat, and liver, where it’s used for energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat. The liver also makes glucose in times of need, such as when…

Hepatitis C

What is hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation and damage. Inflammation is swelling that occurs when tissues of the body become injured or infected. Inflammation can damage organs. Viruses  invade normal cells in your body. Many viruses cause infections that can be spread from person to person. The hepatitis C virus spreads…

Bladder Control Medicines

Medicines for bladder control generally work by blocking signals that may cause muscle spasms in the bladder. A group of drugs called antispasmodics are usually the first drugs your doctor will consider for treating bladder control problems. Another group of medicines, called tricyclic antidepressants, may be considered, although these drugs are primarily intended to treat…

Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Stones

What are the symptoms of kidney stones? Symptoms of kidney stones include sharp pains in your back, side, lower abdomen, or groin pink, red, or brown blood in your urine, also called hematuria a constant need to urinate pain while urinating inability to urinate or can only urinate a small amount cloudy or bad-smelling urine See a…

Diagnosis of Crohn’s Disease

How do doctors diagnose Crohn’s disease? Doctors typically use a combination of tests to diagnose Crohn’s disease. Your doctor will also ask you about your medical history—including medicines you are taking—and your family history and will perform a physical exam. Physical exam During a physical exam, a doctor most often checks for bloating in your abdomen listens to…

Symptoms & Causes of Crohn’s Disease

What are the symptoms of Crohn’s Disease? The most common symptoms of Crohn’s disease are diarrhea cramping and pain in your abdomen weight loss Other symptoms include anemia eye redness or pain feeling tired fever joint pain or soreness nausea or loss of appetite skin changes that involve red, tender bumps under the skin Your symptoms may…

Clinical Trials for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support research into many diseases and conditions, including digestive diseases. What are clinical trials for IBS? Clinical trials—and other types of clinical studies —are part of medical research and involve people like you. When…

Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

How can my diet help treat the symptoms of IBS? Your doctor may recommend changes in your diet to help treat symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Your doctor may suggest that you eat more fiber avoid gluten follow a special diet called the low FODMAP diet Different changes may help different people with IBS. You may…

Treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

How do doctors treat IBS? Doctors may treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by recommending changes in what you eat and other lifestyle changes, medicines, probiotics, and mental health therapies. You may have to try a few treatments to see what works best for you. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment plan. Changes to…

Treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

How do doctors treat IBS? Doctors may treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by recommending changes in what you eat and other lifestyle changes, medicines, probiotics, and mental health therapies. You may have to try a few treatments to see what works best for you. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment plan. Changes to…