A to Z List of Cancer Drugs

Use the A to Z list below to find consumer-friendly information about drugs for cancer and conditions related to cancer. The list is in alphabetical order by generic name and brand name. You can also find this information on our pages organized by cancer type and cancer-related condition: Drugs Approved for Different Types of Cancer…

The Genetics of Cancer

Genetic Changes and Cancer Cancer is a genetic disease—that is, cancer is caused by certain changes to genes that control the way our cells function, especially how they grow and divide. Genes carry the instructions to make proteins, which do much of the work in our cells. Certain gene changes can cause cells to evade normal growth controls…

Age and Cancer Risk

Advancing age is the most important risk factor for cancer overall, and for many individual cancer types. According to the most recent statistical data from NCI’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, the median age of a cancer diagnosis is 66 years. This means that half of cancer cases occur in people below this age and…

Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

How do doctors diagnose IBS? To diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), doctors review your symptoms and medical and family history and perform a physical exam. In some cases, doctors may order tests to rule out other health problems. Review of your symptoms Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and look for a certain pattern…

Managing Costs and Medical Information

People with cancer and their families may face major financial challenges. Cancer treatment can be very expensive, even when you have insurance. And keeping track of tests and treatments, paperwork, bills, and other records can seem overwhelming. For information about the risk of having financial problems during cancer treatment, see the PDQ summary, Financial Toxicity (Financial…

Finding Health Care Services

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, finding a doctor and a treatment facility for your cancer care is an important step to getting the best treatment possible. You will have many things to consider when choosing a doctor. It’s important for you to feel comfortable with the specialist that you choose because you will…

Using Trusted Resources

Health information, whether in print or online, should come from a trusted, credible source. Government agencies, hospitals, universities, and medical journals and books that provide evidence-based information are sources you can trust. Too often, other sources can provide misleading or incorrect information. If a source makes claims that are too good to be true, remember—they…

Access to Experimental Cancer Drugs

An experimental drug is one that has been tested in the lab and with animals and approved for testing in people by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). But, it can’t yet be advertised, sold, or prescribed. Experimental drugs may also be called “investigational.” Ways to Access an Experimental Drug Experimental drugs may be…

Cancer Prevention Overview (PDQ®)–Patient Version

What is Prevention? Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer. In 2017, more than 1.6 million people will be diagnosed with cancer in the United States. In addition to the physical problems and emotional distress caused by cancer, the high costs of care are also a burden to patients, their families, and to the public. By…

Insulin Resistance & Prediabetes

Insulin resistance and prediabetes occur when your body doesn’t use insulin well. What is insulin? Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that helps glucose in your blood enter cells in your muscle, fat, and liver, where it’s used for energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat. The liver also makes glucose in times of need, such as when…